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Friday, July 17, 2020 | History

2 edition of Global surface air temperature variations found in the catalog.

Global surface air temperature variations

Philip D Jones

Global surface air temperature variations

1851-1984

by Philip D Jones

  • 107 Want to read
  • 1 Currently reading

Published by Environmental Sciences Division at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Oak Ridge, Tenn .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Atmospheric temperature,
  • Atmospheric circulation

  • Edition Notes

    Statementcontributed by J.D. Jones ... [et al.] ; prepared by T.A. Boden, Carbon Dioxide Information Center, Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
    SeriesCDIC numeric data collection -- NDP-003/R1, CDIAC numeric data collection -- NDP-003/R1
    ContributionsBoden, Thomas A, Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (U.S.), Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Environmental Sciences Division
    The Physical Object
    Pagination1 v. (various pagings) :
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL15474936M

    ment of interannual variations in the global AVHRR NDVI data as they are related to interannual variations in land surface air temperature, land surface precipita-tion, and sea surface temperature (SST). The analysis is based on a multivariate frequency domain decom-position (Mann and Park , , ). 2. Data. The Earth's average surface absolute temperature for the – period has been derived by spatial interpolation of average observed near-surface air temperatures from over the land, oceans and sea ice regions, with a best estimate of 14 °C ( °F). The estimate is uncertain, but probably lies within °C of the true value.

    Anomalies in global vegetation greenness, SST, land surface air temperature, and precipitation exhibit linked, low-frequency interannual variations. These interannual variations were detected and analyzed for –90 with a multivariate spectral. The land portion of the database from which the Jones et al. time series are computed consists of surface air temperature (SAT) data (land-surface meteorological data and fixed-position weather ship data) from over station records that have been corrected for non-climatic errors, such as station shifts and/or instrument changes (Jones ).

    Global Trends of Measured Surface Air Temperature JAMES HANSEN NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, blstitute for Space Studies, New York SERGEJ LEBEDEFF Sigma Data Services Corporation, New York We analyze surface air temperature data from available meteorological stations with principal focus on the period increasing global surface air temperature. Usually attributed to human activities, such as increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases from automobiles and industrial processes This reduces the earth's albedo and allows more sunlight to reach the surface, which causes the air temperature to rise even more. - slow variations in the.


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Global surface air temperature variations by Philip D Jones Download PDF EPUB FB2

Global Surface Air Temperature Variations During the Twentieth Century: Part 1, Spatial, Temporal and Seasonal Details P. Jones and K. Cited by: Kelly, PM and Jones, PD () Global surface air temperature variations, In: Proceedings of the 8th Annual Climate Diagnostics Workshop.

US Dept of Commerce, NOAA, pp. Full text not available from this t a copyCited by: 4. Global surface air temperature variations during the twentieth century: Part 2, implications for large-scale high-frequency palaeoclimatic studies K.R. Briffa and P.D. Jones The Holocene 3: 1, Cited by: Global surface air temperature variations during the twentieth century: Part 1, spatial, temporal and seasonal details P.D.

Jones and K.R. Briffa. Jones, PD, Kelly, PM and Qipu, T () Global Global surface air temperature variations book air temperature variations In: Proceedings of the 7th Annual Climate Diagnostics Workshop. US Dept. of Commerce, Washington DC, pp.

Cited by: 4. Global surface air temperature variations during the twentieth century: Part 2, implications for large-scale high-frequency palaeoclimatic studies. This paper is the second of a two-part series analysing details of regional, hemispheric and global temperature change during the twentieth century.

Based on the grid box data described in Part Cited by: Perhaps the most-recognized measure of this change is the long-term effect on global mean surface air temperature (Tglobal), which has increased at. The time series below shows the five-year average variation of global surface temperatures.

Dark blue indicates areas cooler than average. Dark red indicates areas warmer than : NASA Global Climate Change.

Which factor is the most important when explaining variations in global temperatures. longitude b. latitude c. cloudiness d. isallobars e. isores. When an unsaturated air parcel rises in the atmosphere, it cools at a constant rate called: a.

the constant lapse rate b. the saturated adiabatic lapse rate a. surface heating b. upper air. Climate - Climate - Temperature: Global variations of average surface-air temperatures are largely due to latitude, continentality, ocean currents, and prevailing winds.

The effect of latitude is evident in the large north-south gradients in average temperature that occur at middle and high latitudes in each winter hemisphere.

These gradients are due mainly to the rapid decrease of. Estimates of variations and trends of global surface temperature ERA Report Series No. 25 3. are reanalyses that include an analysis of synoptic surface air temperature observations: ECMWF’s ERA-Interim (Dee et al., ) and the Japan Meteorological Agency’s JRA (Kobayashi et al.

Global surface air temperature variations during the twentieth century: Part 2, implications for large-scale high-frequency palaeoclimatic studies Briffa, K. Jones, P. by: since and compares them with the GISS reconstruction of global mean air surface temperature, based primarily on meteorological station measurements (Hansen et al.

The international sunspot number R (figure 1a) reveals the decadal-scale solar activity cycle that also dominates the variation in the other. Global warming - Global warming - Climatic variation since the last glaciation: Global warming is related to the more general phenomenon of climate change, which refers to changes in the totality of attributes that define climate.

In addition to changes in air temperature, climate change involves changes to precipitation patterns, winds, ocean currents, and other measures of.

Temperature. HadCRUT4 is a global temperature dataset, providing gridded temperature anomalies across the world as well as averages for the hemispheres and the globe as a whole.

Harpham, C., Salmon, M. and Morice, C.P., Hemispheric and large-scale land surface air temperature variations: an extensive revision and an update to Climate starts with the Sun.

Aristotle was the first to attempt to explain weather and climate in his book Meteorology back in BCE (Figure 1). He believed that there were four elements – fire, air, water, and earth – and that they interacted to produce the weather phenomena we experience on Earth. Working with these four elements, he was able to explain some things well, but not.

Global mean surface temperature change since Baseline temperature is about 14 °C. Source: NASA GISS. Global surface air temperature variations: Showing of 24 pages in this report. PDF Version Also Available for by: 4.

s and P are likely to affect surface air temperature in reanalyses. In this study, we evaluate the T max, T min, and DTR of the reanalyses, in addition to the commonly evaluated mean air temperature. We explore the underlying physical causes of the biases in the diurnal cycle of sur-face air temperature.

Observations collected at We produce surface air temperature maps as a data product, but you can also view the data directly. From April onward, the temperature summaries are based on ERA5. You can read more on the 'Climate Bulletin - About the data page'.

(m). Global Surface Temperature Distribution. If the Earth was a homogeneous body without the present land/ocean distribution, its temperature distribution would be strictly latitudinal (Figure 7m-1). However, the Earth is more complex than this .Global and European temperature - EEA Hemispheric and large-scale surface air temperature variations: An extensive revision and an update to Data providers and partners.Global surface air temperature variations: By P.D.

Jones, The mean monthly surface air temperature anomalies presented in this package for the than those previously published because of the incorporation of data previously hidden away in archives and the analysis of station homogeneity before estimation Surface Air, Cited by: 4.